Leisure Drones (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles)

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UAVs 2018

Parrot ANAFI

Mavic 2 Zoom and 2 Pro

The Chinese DJI firm dominates the market of leisure UAVs, followed by Parrot.
The American specialist in 3D Robotics (or 3DR) professional UAVs has chosen to abandon the market of mass-market UAVs, just like GoPro after the failure of its Karma UAV.
DJI therefore races in the lead and in addition to developments in its professional UAVs have presented other public UAVs, lighter than 800 grams (see new regulations below).

The Parrot ANAFI is a folding UAV with a very special design that makes it look like an insect.
It has a 4K HDR camera with a CMOS sensor 1/2.4" of 21 Mpx with an hybrid stabilization. It can film in 4K Cine (4096 x 2160) 24p, 4K UHD (3840 x 2160) 30p, 2.7K 30p and Full HD 1080 60p. It has an USB-C rechargeable battery that offers a range of 25 minutes, weighs 320 grams and has fun features.
It is available for $ 600 (October 2018).

DJI has updated its Mavic Pro with two models DJI Mavic 2 Zoom and DJI Mavic 2 Pro that differ only by their camera.
They share the same following technical characteristics: up to 31 minutes of flight (against 27 for the original Mavic Pro), 10 sensors to avoid obstacles in all directions, 8 GB of on-board storage, a downward-pointing auxiliary light system, a top speed in sport mode 72 km/h, a Hyperlapse mode, a video transmission with a boost and an update of OcuSync in version 2, which uses both the 2.4GHz and 5.8GHz frequencies, all two now exceed 800 grams ...
The Mavic 2 Pro has a Hasselblad L1D-20c camera with a 20-megapixel 1" CMOS sensor that has an active detection area four times more efficient than the previous Mavic Pro, a 28mm f.2.8-f/11 lens with Hasselblad's HNCS technology, a 10-bit Dlog-M color profile for greater dynamic range (up to 12800 ISO sensitivity), a 10-bit HDR video mode, and Hybrid Log Gamma (HLG) format support. Mavic 2 Pro has a weight of 907 grams.
The Mavic 2 Zoom has a 1/2.3" CMOS sensor of 12 megapixel and a 2X optical zoom (24-48mm and 2X digital to 96mm), a Super Resolution panoramic photo mode of 48 MP, all for a weight of 905 grams.
The Mavic 2 Pro is priced at $ 1449 and the Mavic 2 Zoom at $ 1249 (October 2018).

DJI Mavic Air

DJI Spark

Parrot Bebop 2 Power

DJI ZenMuse X7

The DJI Spark is a mini UAV with HD camera and gesture controls but with flight autonomy of 15 minutes. It has a 720p video return, a 12 megapixel Full HD camera and an improved transmission range at 2 Km.
It is available with a bright color: white, blue, green, red or yellow for less than $ 400.

Parrot reacted by updating its Parrot Bebop 2 Power direct competitor of the Spark with a 12MP 1920 x 1080p Full HD camera, a range of 2000 meters, control by Skycontroller, Tablet or Smartphone and flight autonomy of 20 minutes.
It is available with remote control and virtual headphones at a price of $ 799.

The DJI Mavic Air is a compact UAV (168 × 83 × 49 mm) and lightweight 430 grams, between the Mavic Pro and the Spark, with folding arms and no compromise. It has a microSD port and 8GB internal storage, an advanced driver assistance system (APAS) that processes the data collected by the seven cameras and embedded infrared sensors, to build a 3D map of the environment allowing blow a more secure flight. It has a CMOS sensor 1/2.3 of 12 Mpx HDR and a lens of 24mm /f2.8 (35 format equivalent) and flight autonomy of 20 minutes.
Like the Spark, the Mavic Air can be controlled with gestures. It is proposed in red white or black for $ 800.

DJI is also positioned as a camera manufacturer. Its last camera, the Zenmuse X7 allows to acquire in 24p and 25p a 6K image (6016 x 3200) in DNG RAW Cinema at 30 fps, as well as a 4K/UHD image in Apple ProRes XQ.
The Zenmuse X7 has a Super 35 sensor (24.89 mm × 18.66 mm) and a new proprietary lens mount DL DJI offers 4 new DL mount lenses, built in carbon fiber that is significantly lighter. All lenses are opened at f/2.8: the 16mm embed an integrated ND filter and 24mm, 35mm and 50mm lenses have an internal shutter (up to 1/1000s) in order to limit the effects of rolling shutter or banding.
The ZenMuse X7 is delivered with DJI Inspire 2.

The ZenMuse X7 is priced at $ 2700 for the camera alone, $ 1500 for the 16mm, 24mm and 35mm. The 50 mm will be offered for $ 1400 and the 4 optics together for $ 5 096.

anti UAVs weapon

Nerod F5 rifle of MC2 Technologies

Unmanned aerial vehicles can pose a potential threat. Armies and the police forces equip themselves with weapons of control or destruction.
The "UAV's hunters" eagles being ineffective, the technology has taken over.
In France, two years after its first anti-UAVs "Nightmare" rifle, the MC2 technology company presented at Eurosatory 2018 its new Nerod F5 rifle, developed in the framework of the H2020 Spiders project (Synthetic aperture interferometric raDiometer for security in infrastructure infra- structures).
This futuristic rifle is capable of obstructing telecommunication protocols between the UAV and its remote control. Moreover, the Nerod F5 allows to ensure frequency hopping communication systems. In fact, this device is effective against UAVs, IEDs Improvised Explosive Devices (jamming the triggering instruction given by GSM or radio control) and various communication protocols.

New French Legislation and website

The French National Assembly adopted a new law in September 2016. It is more restrictive but effective enforcement should not take place before mid-2018 or early 2019. It mainly concerns UAVs of more than 800 grams, which allows the UAVs produced by Parrot but also the Spark, Mavic Air and Pro of DJI to escape the legislation.
The French law specifies the regulations on UAVs of more than 800 grams. Whether leisure or professional, they must be registered. Added to this is the obligation of the designers of the machines to put luminous devices on the device. Below the indicated weight, the device can be considered as being a mini UAV and is in no way governed by these laws. It can be used freely without disturbing the personal space of others.

In France, the new DGAC website Alpha Tango is dedicated to leisure UAVs and allows to follow an online training, to take the multiple choice exam and record his aircraft.

pierre j.

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Texts of this page are on the responsibility of their author only.
DJI, 3DR, Go Pro, Parrot are register or trade marks
Anafi, Bebop 2 Power, Hero, Karma, Mavic, Mavic 2 Pro, Mavic 2 Zoom, Matrice, Phantom are products of these trade marks

Created September 29th 2016, Updated the October 25th 2018.
© Pierre J.